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42 selected articles
Tile - Wikipedia
The elaborate floor pattern of the Sydney Queen Victoria Building
Floor tile in Karpas, northeastern Cyprus
6"x6" porcelain floor tiles
Patio with stone tile, Hawaii , US 1960
These are commonly made of ceramic or stone, although recent technological advances have resulted in rubber or glass tiles for floors as well. Ceramic tiles may be painted and glazed. Small mosaic tiles may be laid in...
Date: 2017-02-17 21:44:36
Flooring - Wikipedia
Carpeting[ edit ]
Carpet is a soft floor covering made of bound carpet fibers or stapled fibers. Carpeting refers to wall-to-wall coverage, whereas a rug is simply used to cover a space. This type of flooring is typically used indoors and can be used in both high and low traffic areas. It typically lasts for 15-18 years before it needs to be replaced. The quality of a carpet is usually measured...
Date: 2017-02-08 21:59:32
Related topics : wood like ceramic tile flooring / install ceramic tile on linoleum floor / install ceramic tile on plywood floor / installing ceramic tile floor / installing ceramic tile on plywood floor
Floor - Wikipedia
Floor covering is a term to generically describe any finish material applied over a floor structure to provide a walking surface. Flooring is the general term for a permanent covering of a floor, or for the work of installing such a floor covering. Both terms are used interchangeably but floor covering refers more to loose-laid materials.
Materials almost always classified as floor covering...
Date: 2017-02-17 15:54:44
Wood flooring - Wikipedia
Main article: Engineered wood
Engineered wood flooring is composed of two or more layers of wood in the form of a plank. The top layer ( lamella ) is the wood that is visible when the flooring is installed and is adhered to the core. The increased stability of engineered wood is achieved by running each layer at a 90째 angle to the layer above. This stability makes it a universal product that...
Date: 2017-01-30 18:52:03
Related topics : how to lay ceramic tile that looks like wood floor / laminate floor tiles that look like wood / wood look tile flooring images / wood look ceramic tile flooring / wood like ceramic tile flooring
Ceramic art - Wikipedia
Main article: Figurine
A figurine (a diminutive form of the word figure) is a statuette that represents a human, deity , mythical creature, or animal . Figurines may be realistic or iconic , depending on the skill and intention of the creator. The earliest were made of stone or clay. In ancient Greece, many figurines were made from terracotta (see Greek terracotta figurines ). Modern versions are...
Date: 2017-02-17 20:24:21
Florida Tile - Wikipedia
History[ edit ]
The Sikes years[ edit ]
Florida Tile was established in Lakeland, Florida when Leon Sikes, Sr. and his sons James "Jimmie" Sikes and Leon Sikes, Jr. purchased a run-down tile plant for $8,000 in March 1954.  At the time the company produced one specialty trim shape of tile that was difficult to find. As the industry grew away from small format, extruded , and two-tone effect...
Date: 2017-01-29 05:07:56
Roof tiles - Wikipedia
Ancient Greek roof tiles
A large number of shapes (or "profiles") of roof tiles have evolved. These include:
Flat tiles - the simplest type, which are laid in regular overlapping rows. An example of this is the clay-made "beaver-tail" tile (German Biberschwanz), common in Southern Germany . Flat roof tiles are usually made of clay but also may be made of stone, wood, plastic, concrete, or solar...
Date: 2017-02-14 21:29:52
Basement - Wikipedia
Floorplan of Church of Tithes , Kiev , prior to 1828 rebuild
Grocery department in basement of T. Eaton's company, Calgary, Alberta , Canada (1929)
Structurally, for houses, the basement walls typically form the foundation. In warmer climates, some houses do not have basements because they are not necessary (although many still prefer them). In colder climates, the foundation must be below the...
Date: 2017-02-18 00:13:06
List of commercially available roofing material - Wikipedia
Roofing material is the outermost layer on the roof of a building, sometimes self-supporting, but generally supported by an underlying structure. A building's roofing material provides shelter from the natural elements. The outer layer of a roof shows great variation dependent upon availability of material, and the nature of the supporting structure. Those types of roofing material which are...
Date: 2017-02-17 15:53:19
Tile art - Wikipedia
Design[ edit ]
Many modern tile art designs are based on abstract and pattern-based designs. These are non-representational, unlike than older tile art formats, such as mosaics, which were often portraits or other representational forms of artwork.  The design on a piece of tile art may be used as decoration, but may also represent an idea, philosophy or pose a historical, religious or social significance.  
An example of such non-representational art is a set of tiles integrated into an...
Date: 2017-02-17 14:18:45
Vinyl composition tile - Wikipedia
History[ edit ]
In 1894, Philadelphia architect Frank Furness patented a system for rubber floor tiles. These tiles were durable, sound-deadening, easy to clean and easy to install. However, they stained easily and deteriorated over time from exposure to oxygen, ozone and solvents, and were not suitable for use in basements where alkaline moisture was present.
In 1926, Waldo Semon , working in...
Date: 2017-01-23 18:17:23
Floor cleaning - Wikipedia
Reasons for cleaning floors[ edit ]
The principal reasons for floor cleaning are:
To prevent injuries due to tripping or slipping. Injuries due to slips and trips on level floors are a major cause of accidental injury or death. Bad practice in floor cleaning is itself a major cause of accidents. 
To beautify the floor.
To remove stains , dirt, litter and obstructions.
To remove grit and sand...
Date: 2017-02-10 10:37:09
Roofer - Wikipedia
Throughout the world[ edit ]
In Australia this type of carpenter is called a roof carpenter and the term roofer refers to someone who installs the roof cladding ( tiles , tin , etc.)..[ citation needed ]
In the United States and Canada, they're often referred to as roofing contractors. The most common roofing material in the United States is asphalt shingles. In the past, 3-tab...
Date: 2017-02-02 11:49:07
Raised floor - Wikipedia
Design[ edit ]
This type of floor consists of a gridded metal framework or substructure of adjustable-height supports (called "pedestals") that provide support for removable (liftable) floor panels, which are usually 2Ã?2 feet or 60Ã?60Â cm. The height of the legs/pedestals is dictated by the volume of cables and other services provided beneath, but typically arranged for a clearance of at...
Date: 2017-02-02 09:05:30
Bathroom - Wikipedia
Variations and terminology [ edit ]
A residential bathroom in the US, with a shower and toilet, but no bath
The term for the place used to clean the body varies around the English-speaking world , as does the design of the room itself.
A full bathroom is generally understood to contain a bath or shower (or both), a toilet, and a sink. An ensuite bathroom or ensuite shower room is attached to and...
Date: 2017-02-17 20:39:46
Grout - Wikipedia
Grout is a particularly fluid form of concrete  used to fill gaps. It is used in pressure grouting , construction to embed rebars in masonry walls, connect sections of pre-cast concrete , fill voids, and seal joints such as those between tiles . Grout is generally a mixture of water , cement , sand , often color tint, and sometimes fine gravel (if it is being used to fill large spaces such as...
Date: 2017-02-17 21:59:59
Floor slip resistance testing - Wikipedia
Test methods and safety criteria[ edit ]
The Pendulum slip resistance tester[ edit ]
Pendulum floor slip resistance tester
The ASTM E303-93  (United States) and BS EN 13036-4:2011  (United Kingdom) slip resistance test standards and AS 4663:2013 - Slip resistance of existing pedestrian surfaces and AS 4586:2013 - Slip resistance classification of new pedestrian surface materials...
Date: 2017-02-02 19:52:46
Quarry tile - Wikipedia
Quarry tile is used less often as a wall finish and is occasionally used for countertops , although the wide grout joints can make cleaning of countertops difficult. Most commercial kitchens require a quarry tile to be used because of its slip resistant...
Date: 2017-01-30 14:02:33
Bullnose - Wikipedia
Uses[ edit ]
Bullnose trim is used to provide a smooth, rounded edge for countertops, staircasesteps, building corners, verandahs , or other construction. Masonry units such as bricks, concrete masonry units or structural glazed facing tiles may be ordered from manufacturers with square or bullnosed corners. 
When referring to bullnose, it is sometimes modified by adding the word quarter or half. In the...
Date: 2017-02-06 02:54:27
Masonry - Wikipedia
Applications[ edit ]
Masonry  is commonly used for the walls of buildings, retaining walls and buildings. Brick and concrete block are the most common types of masonry in use in industrialized nations and may be either weight-bearing or a veneer . Concrete blocks, especially those with hollow cores, offer various possibilities in masonry construction. They generally provide great compressive...
Date: 2017-02-17 15:07:07
Hole saw - Wikipedia
Another type of adjustable hole saw, also called a circle cutter, is formed by having one, two, or three adjustable teeth on a platform with a pilot bit. To cut out a hole of any size, the teeth need only be adjusted to the proper position. This type is available in sizes up to a foot and larger, and can be used to accurately cut large circles.
Advantages and disadvantages[ edit ]
Date: 2017-02-18 08:29:27
Talavera pottery - Wikipedia
Definition[ edit ]
Talavera plate by Marcela Lobo
Talavera is a type of maiolica earthenware, distinguished by its white base glaze.  Authentic Talavera pottery only comes from the city of Puebla and the communities of Atlixco, Cholula and Tecali, as the clays needed and the history of this craft are both centered there. All pieces are hand-thrown on a potter's wheel and the glazes contain tin...
Date: 2017-02-01 01:34:19
Dropped ceiling - Wikipedia
History[ edit ]
Dropped ceilings and ceiling tiles were being used in Japan for aesthetic reasons as early as the Muromachi Period (1337 to 1573).  Blackfriars Theater in London, England , built in 1596, had dropped ceilings to aid acoustics. 
U. S. Patent No. 1,470,728 for modern dropped ceilings was applied for by E. E. Hall on May 28, 1919 and granted on October 16, 1923.  Initially modern dropped ceilings were built using interlocking...
Date: 2017-02-18 06:42:59
Tessellation - Wikipedia
Further information: Euclidean tilings of regular polygons , Uniform tiling , and List of convex uniform tilings
Mathematicians use some technical terms when discussing tilings. An edge is the intersection between two bordering tiles; it is often a straight line. A vertex is the point of intersection of three or more bordering tiles. Using these terms, an isogonal or vertex-transitive tiling is a...
Date: 2017-02-17 21:07:32
Glazed architectural terra-cotta - Wikipedia
Glazed architectural terra-cotta offered a modular, varied and relatively inexpensive approach to wall and floor construction. It was particularly adaptable to vigorous and rich ornamental detailing. It was created by Luca della Robbia (1400-1482), and was used in most of his works.
Terra-cotta is an enriched molded clay brick or block. It was usually hollow cast in blocks which were open in the...
Date: 2017-02-02 20:29:15
Floating floor - Wikipedia
A floating floor is a floor that does not need to be nailed or glued to the subfloor. The term floating floor refers to the installation method, but is often used synonymously with laminate flooring but is applied now to other coverings such as floating tile systems and vinyl flooring in a domestic context.
A sprung floor is a special type of floating floor designed to enhance sports or dance performance. In general though the term refers to a floor used to reduce noise or vibration .
A domestic floating floor...
Date: 2017-01-29 06:05:42
Slate - Wikipedia
Slate roof tiles are usually fixed (fastened) either with nails, or with hooks as is common with Spanish slate. In the UK, fixing is typically with double nails onto timber battens (England and Wales) or nailed directly onto timber sarking boards (Scotland and Northern Ireland). Nails were traditionally of copper, although there are modern alloy and stainless steel alternatives. Both these...
Date: 2017-02-17 20:38:41
Encaustic tile - Wikipedia
Minton encaustic tiles awaiting installation at the United States Capitol .
What were called encaustic tiles in the Victorian era were originally called inlaid tiles during the medieval period. The use of the word "encaustic" to describe an inlaid tile of two or more colors is linguistically incorrect. The word encaustic from Ancient Greek : means "burning in" from the en, "in" and kaiein, "to...
Date: 2017-01-28 21:29:28
Italianate architecture - Wikipedia
The Italianate style was popularized in the United States by Alexander Jackson Davis in the 1840s as an alternative to Gothic or Greek Revival styles. Davis' design for Blandwood , the former residence of North Carolina Governor John Motley Morehead , is the oldest surviving example of Italianate architecture in the United States, constructed 1844.   An early example of Italianate...
Date: 2017-02-03 11:21:09
Glass wool - Wikipedia
8 External links
Principles of function[ edit ]
Gases possess good thermal conduction properties compared to liquids and solids, and thus makes a good insulation material if they can be trapped. In order to further augment the effectiveness of a gas (such as air) it may be disrupted into small cells which cannot effectively transfer heat by natural convection . Convection involves a larger bulk...
Date: 2017-02-18 04:38:30
Tessera - Wikipedia
Historical tessera[ edit ]
In early antiquity , mosaics were formed from naturally formed colored pebbles , but by 200 BCE cut stone tesserae were being used in Ancient Roman decorative mosaic panels and floor mosaics . Marble or limestone were cut into small cubes and arranged into representational designs and geometric patterns.
Later, tesserae were made from colored glass, or clear glass backed with metal foils. The Byzantines used tesserae with gold leaf , in which case the glass pieces were flatter, with two glass pieces sandwiching the gold . This produced a golden reflection emanating from in between the tesserae as well as their front,...
Date: 2017-02-18 05:46:43
Union Station (Los Angeles) - Wikipedia
History[ edit ]
In 1926, a measure was placed on the ballot giving Los Angeles voters the choice between the construction of a vast network of elevated railways or the construction of a much smaller Union Station to consolidate different railroad terminals. The election would take on racial connotations and become a defining moment in the development of Los Angeles.  The proposed Union Station...
Date: 2017-02-18 04:22:03
Clay - Wikipedia
Formation[ edit ]
Deforestation for clay extraction in Rio de Janeiro , Brazil . The picture is of Morro da Covanca, Jacarepaguá.
Clay minerals typically form over long periods of time as a result of the gradual chemical weathering of rocks, usually silicate-bearing, by low concentrations of carbonic acid and other diluted solvents . These solvents, usually acidic, migrate through the weathering...
Date: 2017-02-17 15:27:47
California Faience - Wikipedia
California Faience was likely with Berkeley High School (California) . 
Tiles[ edit ]
California Faience produced two kinds of tiles, decorative and architectural. The decorative tiles were known as tea tiles and basically served the purpose of being a trivet, protecting furniture from being burned from hot teapots and other hot objects. Tea tiles could have a simple or ornate design. Some were also framed and hung on walls like paintings. Botanical subjects were...
Date: 2017-01-25 07:54:11
Marble - Wikipedia
Ritual amphora of veined marble from Zakros . New palace period (1500-1450 BC), Heraklion Archaeological Museum, Crete .
An 1862 monumental conical pendulum clock by Eugène Farcot with a red griotte marble pedestal
Marble Products in Romblon , Philippines .
White marble has been prized for its use in sculptures since classical times . This preference has to do with its...
Date: 2017-02-17 15:03:23
Related topics : black marble tile with white veins
Mahjong - Wikipedia
Shuffling tiles[ edit ]
All tiles are placed face down on the table and are shuffled. By convention all players should participate in shuffling using both hands moving the pieces around the table rigorously and loudly for a lengthy period. Tiles may get flipped up during this process and players should flip them facing down as soon as possible to avoid identifying the location of the revealed...
Date: 2017-02-17 15:05:13
Cement tile - Wikipedia
Cement tiles are made by hand, one at a time, using mineral pigments, cement, a mold, and an hydraulic press. The metal mold is handmade following specific design drawings.  The pigment composition is a mixture of high quality white Portland cement, marble powder, fine sand, and natural mineral colour pigments. Cement tiles being handmade are expected to...
Date: 2017-01-27 19:17:57
Hexagonal tiling - Wikipedia
Applications[ edit ]
The hexagonal tiling is the densest way to arrange circles in two dimensions. The Honeycomb conjecture states that the hexagonal tiling is the best way to divide a surface into regions of equal area with the least total perimeter. The optimal three-dimensional structure for making honeycomb (or rather, soap bubbles) was investigated by Lord Kelvin , who believed that the Kelvin structure (or body-centered cubic lattice) is optimal. However, the less regular Weaire-Phelan structure is slightly better.
This structure exists naturally in the form of graphite , where each sheet of graphene resembles chicken wire, with strong...
Date: 2017-02-18 07:13:21
Related topics : hexagonal tile
Tanglewood, Houston - Wikipedia
History[ edit ]
William Giddings Farrington developed Tanglewood beginning in the 1930s.  Tanglewood opened in 1949.  The Farrington family took the name Tanglewood from " Tanglewood Tales " by Nathaniel Hawthorne .  The book was a favorite of Farrington's daughter, Mary Catherine Farrington.  For the first six months, no houses were sold in Tanglewood. Mary Catherine, who later took...
Date: 2017-02-05 09:04:05
Related topics : tile prices per square foot
Azulejo - Wikipedia
Baroque azulejos (between 1679 and 1682) in Iglesia de San Esteban, Valencia
Another type of azulejo composition, called aves e ramagens ('birds and branches'), came into vogue between 1650 and 1680. They were influenced by the representations on printed textiles that were imported from India: Hindu symbols, flowers, animals and birds.
In the second half of the 17th century, the Spanish artist...
Date: 2017-02-18 07:40:27
Related topics : artistic tile design
PowerVR - Wikipedia
Technology[ edit ]
The PowerVR chipset uses a method of 3D rendering known as tile-based deferred rendering (often abbreviated as TBDR) which is tile-based rendering combined with PowerVR's proprietary method of Hidden Surface Removal (HSR) and Hierarchical Scheduling Technology (HST). As the polygon generating program feeds triangles to the PowerVR (driver), it stores them in memory in a...
Date: 2017-02-03 11:11:35
Related topics : tile manufacturers association
Guastavino tile - Wikipedia
Description[ edit ]
Guastavino vaulting is a technique for constructing robust, self-supporting arches and architectural vaults using interlocking terracotta tiles and layers of mortar to form a thin skin, with the tiles following the curve of the roof as opposed to horizontally ( corbelling ), or perpendicular to the curve (as in Roman vaulting). This is known as timbrel vaulting , because of...
Date: 2017-02-18 05:36:50
Related topics : terracotta roof tiles